澳门新濠线上开户

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    1. 澳门新濠线上开户

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      澳门新濠线上开户ByDengYusong,DRCTaskForceonAnalysisofSystemandPolicyoftheStableandSustainedDevelopmentofHousingMarketofChina,InstituteofMarketEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo19,2012Inrecentyears,Chinahasunveiledaseriesofrealpropertyregulatorypoliciestoholdbacktheexcessivelyfastriseofho,viewsvaryatpresentamongpeopleabouthowtodeterminethereasonablelevelofhousingprices,thusmakingitnecessarytodiscussandstnationalexperiencesrevearatioThehousingprice-to-incomerati,,thehousingprice-to-incomeratioiscurrentlyamainindicatoradoptedbymostcountrie:theratiobetweenthem:theratiobetweenth,thehousingprice-to-incomeratiohasitsbiggestshortcominganddifficulty,theChinesescholarshaveoftenused"4to6times"as"internationalstandard".Yetinfact,aslevelsofeconomicdevelopment,populationstatusandresourceendowmentofvariouscountriesarequitedifferent,thereisno-incomeratiosbetweenvariouscountries(Seethetablebelow).Nevertheless,themaximumhousingprice-to-incomeratiohadbeennomorethan5timesbeforetheUSsub-primelendingcrisisbrokeout,beingstillwithintheso-calledvaluationrangeof"internationalstandard"of"4to6times".Substantially,thehousingprice-to-incomeratioreflectstherelationndifferentcountriesandregions,itisinevitablef,levelofeconomicdevelopment,systemandenvironmentindifferentcountriesandcities,thereisnosensehorizontallycomparingsuchratiosofdifferentcitiesinasimplewayandtheobjec,astheirresourceendowmentiscertain,theaverageofyearsratioscanroughlyreflecttheprotractedpricerelationshipsbetweenlandandlaborforce,whereas,oncetheratiodeviatesfromtheaverage,thenitsignifiesthatunus,theUShousingprice-to-incomeratiobegantoevidentlygethigherthanitshistoricalaveragelevelafter2004,theUSrealestatemarkethasbeenrestructuredsubstantiallysince2008,thenatpresenttheUShousingprice-to-(Groupedasperhouseholdincomelevel)Thef,,%,yearonyear,,,%,;,%,,,%yearonyear;,%.Byindustry,theinvestmentintheprimary,%,%%,,%yearonyear;theinvestment,%;theinvestmentinoilandgasexploitingindustriesreached96billionyuan,%;,%;theinves,%;theinvestmentintheexcavating,smelting,,%;andtheinvestmentintheexcavating,smelting,,%.Byregion,urbaninvestmentofChina%,%%.Theinvestmentininfrastructurefacilities(exclusiveofelectricpower)%,%,%andtheinvestmentinwaterconservancy,%;theinvestmentinpublichealth,%;andtheinvestmentincultural,%.

      澳门新濠线上开户ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinanceoftheDRCResearchReportNo130,arandthebeginningof2010,underthepressureofexcessmoneysupplyathome,therealestatepricessurgedup,thesystematiclocaldebtrisksbecameconspicuous,qualityofbankassetswas,itisimmi,thegov,%%inthesecond,,accordingtopredictionsbymanyinstitutions,GDPgrowthwillcontinuetodeclineduringthethirdandfourthquartersandislikelytogodowntolessthan9%,,presentingagrowth-declinetrendItisattributabletothegrowthbaseoflastyearandismainlyasaresultformancetobecomestablewithinashortperiodoftime,namelytherealestatepolicy,therectificationoflocalfinancingplatf,,afactorthatcannotbeneglectedisthatthenewloanmanagementmodelof"ThreeMeasuresandOneGuidance"enactedbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommissionhasevidentlyreducedthederivedfactor,thusplayingtheroleasdoesthe,intermsoffutureeconomicperformance,despitethequarterlyslowdownandthegrowthfollowedbydeclinetrend,thepredictionmadebyalargenumberofChineseandforeigninstitutionsoverthepreviousperiodoftimeisthattheeconomicgrowthforthewholeyearwillstillbeabletoremainbetween9%~10%(%%byOECD).CPIwillrisetoitsmaximuminthethirdquarter,~,thusafailureofcontrolwillnotappear(Recently,someinstitutions,suchasGoldmanSachsGroup,aregraduallybringingdowntheirCPIpredictiveindicatorsforthewholeyear).Itshouldbementionedthatthepresentdevelopmenttrendisapositiveresultofthe,reflectingthechangeofthemo,nextyeartheyear,theeconomicfailurewillbelittlepossibleonthewholeduringthisyear,whichhasrelativelyprovidedarare,policiesforthelatterhalfoftheyearshouldstillbefocusedonthemacro-controlmeasuresimplementedduringthefirsthalfandontheprincipleof"continuity,stability,flexibilityandpertinence"putforw,closeattentionshouldbepaidtothechangeofsituationandtherhythmandintensityofmacro-controlshouldbehandledproperlytocontinuallyadvancethechangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelop,%,thecentralbankinthebegi,%.Sucharateofincrease,asitshows,isnotslowandthemonetarypolicyismoderatelyeasy,becauseduringthe5yearsfrom2004~2008,GDPunde%.IftheGDPgrowthratereaches9%orsothisyear,thegrowthrateofloanswillbefiv,eformof"bank-trustco-operation",thefinancialvolumethrough"bank-trustco-operation",wemustexercisesupervisionoversuchcooperation,becausewehavehadpenedinpreviousyearsresultedallfromthenegligenceofthemarketfig,,toguardagainsttheunnecessaryadverseimpactcausedbytheonce-and-for-allincreaseofinterestratesonthemarketduringthedownturnoftheeconomicgrowth,wecannotdobetterthanboosttheinterestrateliberalizationatthisfavorablemomenttobringupthedepositratestoamoderatelevel(Banksarevirtuallybringinguptheratesindisguisedform).Inviewoftheexchangeratepolicy,responseshavecomefavorablyfromhome,weshouldputintopracticetheofficiallyclaimedreformoftheexchangeratesystemaccordingtorelevantplanningaftermakingpropertransewholeaswellasfavorthesteadydevelopmentofChina’sforeigntradeandthegradualadvancementofitsstructuraladjustment.ByWangZhonghong,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo118,sdigitaltelevisionindustryAttheendof2008,Chinasdigitaltelevisionuserstotaledmorethan60million,accountingforabout15%ofthecountrysgoaltobasicallystopbroadcastinganaloguetelevisionby2015,thedigitaltelevisionindustrystillhastocoverabout85%,universalserialbuses,vehicleterminalsandspecialserviceequipmentwi,dataservices,s395milliontelevisionuserspays10yuanforvalue-addedservicesorpaycontents,measuretorejuvenateinformationtechnologyindustryandboosteconomicgrowthDigitaltelevisioninvolvesintegratedcircuits,consumerelectronics,ITequipment,broadcastingequipment,technicalservices,multimediacontents,astelevisionintothedigitalagebutalsopushforwardthedevelopmentofthewho,t%over2007,%growth,thesalesoftheele,%anselectronicinformationindustrynowfacesagravesituationduetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,thedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustryundoubtedlycanplayimportantrolesinspurringthedomesticdemand,rejuvpeoplesbenefitsandstatesecurityandstabilityTelevisionisamassmediathathasthemostfrequentandclosestcontactswiththepeople,%contentsandservicesandenhancethelevelofthepeople,,itisthemostr,thegovernmentsinallcountriesexercisedirectadministrationovertheterrestrialdigitaltelevisionstandardsandtheirenforcement,tructurewillassumegrowingstrategicimportanceinChinaseconomicandsocialdevelopment,inimprovingthepeoplesionindustryintheneartermCurrently,Chinahassolidtechnical,organizationalandindustrialbasesfordevelopingdigitaltelevisionandisstrivingforarapiddevelopment.(1),whichbegantoenforcein2007thecompletelyproprietarydigitalterrestrialtelevisionstandard(DTMB).Sofar,thestandardhasbeenadoptedby10provinces,27citie,thestandardhasbeenproventobemoreadvancedthantheEuropeanandJapanesestandardsinthestandardcomparisonsandtestsinCuba,Venezuela,(CMMB)targetedon,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilmhasalsoindependentlydevelopedthedirect-to-homesatellitetransmissiontechnologyABS-Stargetedontheremotemountainousareasandthevastruralareas,andhassucces,ChinaalsohasadvancedtechnologiesthathavewoninternationalrecognitionandwhoseproductsarebeingsoldtocountriesinEuropeandAmerica.(2),ChinantegratedCircuit,ShanghaiHighDefinition,BeijingLingxun,andBeijingTaiheZhiheng,thetelevisionsetmanufacturingenterprisessuchasChanghong,HaierandTCL,thebroadcastequipmentmanufacturingenterprisessuchasBeiguangTechnologiesandTongfangJiezhao,theset-topboxmanufacturingenterprises,themajortelevisionstations,,namelyTCL,Skyworth,Kongka,Changhong,HisenseandHaier,nowaccountforabout20%,Chinasuccessfullyconducteddigitaltelevisiontrialbroadcasting,layingafinefoundationformasscommercialapplication.(3),Chinasetupaleadinggroupfordigitaltelevisionresearch,,comprisingtheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilm,theStateQualityandQuarantineAdministrationandmanyothergovernmentdepartments,hasplayedkeyrolesinsetting,popularizingandindustrializingChina,atotalof150RDinstitutionsandenterprises,includingTsinghuaUniversityandHaierGroup,,chips,terminalproducts,programs,launchingandreceivingdisplayservicesandmanykeyproprietarytechnologies,theunionhasbecomeanintermediaryorganizationinthetechnologicalinnovation,standardpopularizationandindustrialdevelopmentofChina(1)andinvolvesdiversegovernmentfunctionssuchasequipmentregulation,contentregulation,operationregulationanduserguidanceanddiversegovernmentdepartmentssuchastheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,,,nos,regulations,organizationalstandardsandindustrialpoliciestoeffectivelyboostthedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustry.(2)TheProcessofformulating,ascapacityforindependentinnovationindigitaltelevisionsoastofreeChinafromthemonopolyofforeigntechnologies,bringChinastechnologicalstandardstothesupportingstandardshavebeenrelativelyslow,,forexample,theChinesestandardshavebeenproven,nearlyhalfofthesupportingstandardsfordigitaltelevisionhavenotbeenformulatedandaccordinglytheproducershavenoalternativebuttowaitforthepromulgationofthesestandards,eventhoughtheyalreadyhaveproductioncapacities.(3)on,itisstillweakintheproductionofstudioequipment,high-definitionprogramproduction,metersandinstruments,,itsproductiontechnologyforliquidcrystalflatabledigitaltelevisioncontents,theindustryisstillnotedforinsufficientcompetition,regionalisolation,smallindustrialscale,lowscaleeconomy,insufficientimpetustooperatorsinimprovingservices,weakprofitability,,mutualnetworkingisstillimpossiblebetweendifferentprovi,500cablenetworkcompaniesnationwide,

      LuWeiShenHengchaoInthepastthreeyearssinceChinapromulgatedthenationalintellectualpropertystrategy,thecountryhasscoredmarkedprogressinthefieldofintellectualpropertythankstotheunifiedleadershipoftheStateC,use,protectionandmanagementofintellectualpropertyhasexpanded,ualproperty,asintellectualpropertyhasjustbeenincorporatedintotheworkofvarioussectors,thescopeofprotectionhasbeenwidened,andtheimpl,intellectualpropertystrategyimplementationshouldemphasizetheintegrationwithindustrialdevelopment,theimprovementofsystemsandmechanisms,(orthestrategicprogramforshort),use,protectionandmanagementofintel,intellectualpropertyhasplayedagrowingroleineconomic,technological,,Chinahasexpandedthecapacityforthecreation,use,protectionandmanagementofintellectualproperty,,thecapacityenhancementisstrongerinthecreationofintellectualpropertythanintheuseofintellectualproperty,thequantitativegrowthofintellectualpropertyisfasterthantheimprovementofquality,theprotectionofintellectualpropertyismoredifficultthanthemanagementofintellectualproperty,andtheimplementationofp,ChinahasscoredmarkedprogressinthefieldofintellectualpropertythankstotheunifiedleadershipoftheSt,idated,andint,theenvironmentforintellectualpropertyprotectionhasbecomebetter,,’sinfluencehas,withthequantityoftheintellectualpropertyaccepted,,patentapplicat,trademarkregistrationapplicationswerethehighestintheworldandinventionpat,Chinarankedfourthintermsofinternationalpatentapplications,secondintermsofthegrowthofMadridinternationaltrademarkregistrationapplications,,voluntarycopyrightregistrationsrosefrom134,000to376,000,andcomputersoftwarecopyrightregistrationrosefrom24,520to81,,thefarmproductvarietyapplicationsacceptedrosefrom816to1,206,,newforestplantvarietyapplicationsrose45%,theircapacitytouseintellectualpropertyhasbecomehigher,andtheircon,theratioofpatentapp%andthevalueofregisteredtechnologytradingcontractsrose39%’shighestintermsofPCT(international),ZTEandHuaweirespectivelyrankedsecondandfourthintermsofglobalPCT(international),,%,andcopyright-h,,theLawonIntangibleCulturalHeritagehasbeenenactedandtheLawofthePeople’sRepublicofChinaonInfringementLiabilityhasclearlyincludedcopyright,patentrightandtrademarkrightintothesc,theImplementingRulesforthePatentLaw,theCopyrightLawandt,atotalof76lawseenforcementhasbecomehigher,thejudicialprotectionofintellectualpropertyhasbeenimproved,andadministrativee’scourtshavecoveredalllegalspheresofintellectualproperty,includingcivil,cordingtotheirfunctions,,,Chinahaslau"blueskyaction",the"mountaineagleaction",the"thunderboltaction",andthe"skynetaction".Theintensifiedcrackdownshaveincre,theStateCouncillaunchedaspecialactiononintellectualp,thisspecialactionhaspreliminarilycontainedrightsinfringementsandthespreadoffakeandinferiorgoods,,year,thetrialdurationforreconsideredcaseshasbeenshortenedto12months,,thedurationofpatentexaminationbecameslightlyshorter,thedurationofinventionpatentexaminationwasstabilizedat24months,andthedmonthsto3months,andthedurationofpatentreconsiderationcaseconclusionandpatentnullifieencompletedtocoverthewholeprocessofpatenthandling.澳门现金app官网网址LuWeiShenHengchaoInthepastthreeyearssinceChinapromulgatedthenationalintellectualpropertystrategy,thecountryhasscoredmarkedprogressinthefieldofintellectualpropertythankstotheunifiedleadershipoftheStateC,use,protectionandmanagementofintellectualpropertyhasexpanded,ualproperty,asintellectualpropertyhasjustbeenincorporatedintotheworkofvarioussectors,thescopeofprotectionhasbeenwidened,andtheimpl,intellectualpropertystrategyimplementationshouldemphasizetheintegrationwithindustrialdevelopment,theimprovementofsystemsandmechanisms,(orthestrategicprogramforshort),use,protectionandmanagementofintel,intellectualpropertyhasplayedagrowingroleineconomic,technological,,Chinahasexpandedthecapacityforthecreation,use,protectionandmanagementofintellectualproperty,,thecapacityenhancementisstrongerinthecreationofintellectualpropertythanintheuseofintellectualproperty,thequantitativegrowthofintellectualpropertyisfasterthantheimprovementofquality,theprotectionofintellectualpropertyismoredifficultthanthemanagementofintellectualproperty,andtheimplementationofp,ChinahasscoredmarkedprogressinthefieldofintellectualpropertythankstotheunifiedleadershipoftheSt,idated,andint,theenvironmentforintellectualpropertyprotectionhasbecomebetter,,’sinfluencehas,withthequantityoftheintellectualpropertyaccepted,,patentapplicat,trademarkregistrationapplicationswerethehighestintheworldandinventionpat,Chinarankedfourthintermsofinternationalpatentapplications,secondintermsofthegrowthofMadridinternationaltrademarkregistrationapplications,,voluntarycopyrightregistrationsrosefrom134,000to376,000,andcomputersoftwarecopyrightregistrationrosefrom24,520to81,,thefarmproductvarietyapplicationsacceptedrosefrom816to1,206,,newforestplantvarietyapplicationsrose45%,theircapacitytouseintellectualpropertyhasbecomehigher,andtheircon,theratioofpatentapp%andthevalueofregisteredtechnologytradingcontractsrose39%’shighestintermsofPCT(international),ZTEandHuaweirespectivelyrankedsecondandfourthintermsofglobalPCT(international),,%,andcopyright-h,,theLawonIntangibleCulturalHeritagehasbeenenactedandtheLawofthePeople’sRepublicofChinaonInfringementLiabilityhasclearlyincludedcopyright,patentrightandtrademarkrightintothesc,theImplementingRulesforthePatentLaw,theCopyrightLawandt,atotalof76lawseenforcementhasbecomehigher,thejudicialprotectionofintellectualpropertyhasbeenimproved,andadministrativee’scourtshavecoveredalllegalspheresofintellectualproperty,includingcivil,cordingtotheirfunctions,,,Chinahaslau"blueskyaction",the"mountaineagleaction",the"thunderboltaction",andthe"skynetaction".Theintensifiedcrackdownshaveincre,theStateCouncillaunchedaspecialactiononintellectualp,thisspecialactionhaspreliminarilycontainedrightsinfringementsandthespreadoffakeandinferiorgoods,,year,thetrialdurationforreconsideredcaseshasbeenshortenedto12months,,thedurationofpatentexaminationbecameslightlyshorter,thedurationofinventionpatentexaminationwasstabilizedat24months,andthedmonthsto3months,andthedurationofpatentreconsiderationcaseconclusionandpatentnullifieencompletedtocoverthewholeprocessofpatenthandling.

      Lüormandopening-upwasimplemented,Chinahasdeveloped,stepbystep,acomparativelycompleteIPR-relatedlegalsystemandasystemforIPRmanagement,,ascomparedtohundredsofyearsithastakeninthecaseofWesterncountries,,,however,istheex,IPRdevelopmentindifferentregionsandsectorsisunbalanced,andgreatereffoalpracticehasbeendeveloped,andIPRmanagementandlaw-enforcingsystemswithChinesecharacteristicshavebeencreated,althoughsomesupplementarylawsandregulationshavenotbeenworkedoutyetandthemanagementandlaw-enforcingsystemscallforfurtherimprovementSofar,ChinahasdevelopedacomparativelycompletesystemofbasicIPRlaws,alt,forinstance,anyanti-monopolylaws,odification,,lawsareenforcedbybothjudicialandadministrativedepartmeesandsectorsandlotsofdepartmentsinChinaareinvolvedintheundertakinginonewayoranother,thecurrentsystemofmanagementcharacterizedbyisolatedoperationscannotprovidesufficientchannelsforcommu,thecoordinatingroleofpoliciescannotbebroughtintodueplay,andisolatedexerciseofmanagementatmultiplelevelsoftenleadstolegislativeconflicts,oversteppingofmanagementpower,,theChinesesocietyasawholehasnotyetbecomefullyawareofIPRprotectionorcapableoftakingadvantageoftheIPRsystemChineseenterprisesandindustriesarepresentlyexposedtotagesinlaborforceanddevotingconstanteffortstoinnovationcantheseenter,neitherhaveitsenterprisesnoritss,itsenterpriseshavenotyetbecomed,98-99percentofChineseenterpriseshaveneverappliedforanypatents,,mostenterpriseandinstitutionalunitsinChinahavenotyetcompletedtheirIPRmanagementsystems,andarenotcapableo,theymayinfringeupontheintellectualpropertyrightsofothersatwillorunconscientiously,andontheother,theydonotkn,Chineseenterpris,forinstance,igincomesintermsofIPRprotection,itremainsatalowlevelintermsofenforcementofIPRlawsandregulationsandclingstolocalprotectionismtosomeextent(1)Chinahasapproachingthelevelofdevelopedcountrieswhenratedaccordi,Chinastoodaroundthe20thamongthe110countriesintheworldin1993intermsofitsindexofpatentprotectionlevels,,ChinacameneartoGermany,theRepublicofKoreaandJapaninthisfield(Table1).Althoughwhatiscoveredintheindexaremainlycontentsofthelegalsystemtherangeofprotectionandthelaw-enforcingmechanismandtheycannotfullyreflecttheIPRprotectioncapacityofacountry,theyhavereflectedt澳门新濠线上开户

      澳门新濠线上开户ByMaMingjie,ResearchOfficeDirectorofDepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearch,sRailwayEquipmentManufacturingIndustrySincethereformandopeningup,theinnovationonChinas(from1980sto1990s):themanufacturingcapacityofenterpriseswasenhancedthroughtechnologyintroductionThemanufacturingcapacityismeanttotransformtechnologicalachievementsintomassproductionsuitedtodesignrequirements,includingtheprogressivenessoftheequipment,thetechnicallevel,theadaptabilityandtheworkmanshipofworkers,thetechnologicaldesignandmanagementability,alcompetenceofente,alarge-scaletechnologyintroductionwascarriedoutforChina,duetoChinasthenpoortechnologicalandindustrialconditions(evenboltsofthesamequalityasthoseofothercountriescouldnotbepurchased)anditslowermanagementability,,theimportoftechnologiesdur(from1990stothebeginningofthe21stcentury):thecapabilityofenterprisestoabsorbandintegratetechnologieswassteppedupDuringthisperiod,byintensifyingRD,theChineseenterprisessu,,theabi,theabilitytodesignthesystems,namely,theabilitytoproperlyhandl,rengthsarethebasisforthesuccessintechnologyintroduction,digestion,absorptionandre-innovationandthattherailspeedaccelerationconductedfo/horlowerwasachieved,therelativelycompleteequipmentmanufacturingsystemwasformed,whichlaidafoundationforfuturetechnologydigestion,absorptionandre-innovation("MadeinChina:TheOnlyWaytoModernizationofChinasRailwayTechnologyandEquipment",IntegrativeTransportation,August,2007).Despitetheconsiderableameliorationoftheabsorptioncapacityoftheenterprisesduringthisperiod,theirtechnicallevelremain,since1980s,,SouthKoreaandCanadaforthemakingofpassengertrains,buthadnotgainedthekeytechnologyforthemakingofCRHElectricMultipleUnitof200km/ofthesafetyanddependabilityofbogie,convertingandtractiontechniquesandbrakingsystem,(from2003tillnow):digestion,absorptionandre-innovationcharacterizedbyintegrationinnovationThisperiodwasma,theimportedtechnologiesweretransformedtoadapttoChina,thedesigningoftheElectricMultipleUnitwascarriedoutjointlywiththeforeignpartnersattheverybeginningofthetechnologyintroductiontosuittheproductbettertoChina,(hereinafterreferredtoas“ChangchunRV”),,there-innovationwasreflectedbythetechnologicalupgradingofacceleratingthespeedfrom200km/hto300~350km/,transnationalcorporationspossessingthehigh-speedtechnologyof300km/handabovehadbeenAlsthomTransport,Siemens,,unliketheforeign-dominateddesignwhentechnologieswereimported,there-innovationfeaturingtechnologicalupgradingwasmainlydesignedbyChineseenterprises,~350km/handaboveand16electricmultipleunits,markingthemomentwhenChineseenterpriseshavegainedtheabilitytoindependentlydesignandmanufacturehigh-speedtrainsof300~350km/,namely,theself-sustainingstandardsystemforhigh-speedtrainssuitedtoChina,digestionandabsorptionof9keytechnologiesastheleadingfactor,theindustrialchainofRD,designinga,onwhichacompletesetofChinasowntestingandacceptingsystemcanbesetup,includingthetrans,,atpresenttheChineseenterpriseshavemasteredtheinternationaladvasRailwayEquipmentManufacturingIndustry

      ByChenJianpengLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo168,2012Sincetheturnofthe21stcentury,progresshasbeenmadeinChina,pollutionstillincreasesonthewholecurrentlyinChina,dinlinewiththeinvestigationsandresearchesintothecontrolexercisedbyvariouslocalitiesoverenvironmentalpollution,thisreportreviewsinretrospectsthecontroloverenvironmentalpollutioncarriedoutsincethe21stcenturyand,inthemeantime,itlooksaheadtotheenv(1)ThegrowthoftotalCODdischargedhasbeenbasicallyheldincheckDuring2001~2010,thetotalamountofchemicaloxygendemand(COD)dischargedfromwastewaternationwideshowedadownwardtrendonthewhole,,CODdischargedfromindustrialchemicalsdecreased,;,,CODdischargedfromwastewaternationwideincreasedinsteadofdecreasing,,thetotalamountofCODdischargedrespectivelyfromwastewater,industri,%over2005,outperformingtheoverallemissionreductiontasksetinthe11thFive-YearPlan3.ByGaoShijiZhangYongwei,Departm,portfortheLeadingIndustriesthatCanPlay"DoubleStimulation"RolesAtatimewhenChinaseconomyisshowingadownturn,wemustintensifyalltypesofinvestmentstostabilizetheeconomyandidentifynewareasofeconomicgrow,nowunderthedualpressurefromreducedexternaldemandandrisingdomesticcost,,theseindustriescanhardlyassumethe"doublestimulation"responsibilityofstim"doublestimulation"goal,,,,they,theymustrelativelyadequateconditionsforindustrialdevelopmennthisroundofeconomicgrowthstimulation,weshallbeinapositiontocombinetheshort-termtargetsofeconomicgrowthwiththelong-termstructuralandtechnologicalupgradingandacce"DoubleStimulation"RolesChinaselectronicinformationindustry,withahugescaleandalongdomesticindustrialchain,hasmetthedemandofthepreviousroun,whileChinaselectronicinformationindustryisstillrelativelyweakatthekeylinksoftheindustrialchainandtheaddedvalueofitsproductsisnothigh,ithasasoundindusteglobalinformationindustry,itsownelectronicinformationindustrywillb,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryislargeinscalebutitsoveraludescomputers,communications,consumerelectronicsando,China%ofthecountry%ofthecountrysGDP,%ofthecountry,Chinastelevisionpossessionexceeded470millionsets,itsmobilephoneusersexceeded620millionpeople,itsfixedphoneusersexceeded350millionpeople,itsIntslargesttelevisionnetwork,thefixedcommunicationsnetworkandthemobilecommunicationsnetwork,andrankedfirstintheworldintermsof10end-productsincludingmobilephones,notebookcomputers,colortelevisionsets,digitalprogram-controlledswitchboardsanddigitalcamerasandintermsoftheproductionofcolorpicturetubes,capacities,resistors,printedcircuits,,,selectronicinfor,over80%ofthents,thehigh-endgeneralchipsandtheoperatingsystemsandinthefieldofsuper-largeintegratedcircuitmanufacturingequipmentandcompletetechnologies,Chinahasfailedtomaketechnologicalbreakthroughsformanyyearsandthereforehasbeselectronicinformationindustryhasalongindustrialchain,,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryhasrelativelygoodindustrialandtechnologicalbasisinthefieldofsomesystemproductsandisfacingamajorhistoricopportunitytomakeuiseseitherinthefieldofproducingandmakingcommunicationsequipment,consumerelectronics,computersandotherproductsorinthefieldofcommunicationsoperation,,inparticular,Chinastechnologicalcapacitiesareris/high-resolutiontelevisionearthstandardtechnologyindependentlydevelopedbyChinaisadvancedintheworld,andChinahasacompleteindustrialchainfromchipdes/high-resolutiontelevisionstandardsheldinSouthAmericain2008,comparedwiththeevaluationsgiventoEurope,theUnitedStatesandJapan,manyofChinasstan,the3Gsystemtechnology,TD-SCDMA,independentlydevelopedbyC,Chinascommunicationsequipmententerpriseshavebecomethsmobilephonetelevisionstandardsaregloballyadvancedint,Chinahasbuilttheworldslargestsecond-generationInternetconnectingover30citiesandhavingover1millionusers,ssuccessfuldevelopmentofthe"dragonchip"productsindicatesthatthecountryhasmadealeapfrogdevelopmentinthefieldofgenericCPUs,whichhavebeenpreli,Chinacanbecomeatechnologicalleaderandexporterinth,theelectronicinformationindustrycanra,theelectronicinformationindustryisfacinganewdevelopmentopportunityofdigital,mobile,y17,2009,andotherdevelopedcountrieswillalsocompletel,,theywillbringabouthugeinvestmentandstimulateconsumption....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.澳门新濠线上开户

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ZhouHongchun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentResearchReportNo50,2008Withtheconstantincreaseofincomesforurbanandruralresidentsandtheimprovementoftheirconsumptionlevel,thenumberofwastematerials,suchasscrappedcars,wastehardware,worn-outelectricandelectronicproducts,wastepaper,wasteplastic,,beingreclaimedandprocessed,canbereusedorrecycled,whichprovidesamaterialbaseforthedevelopmentofChina,categorization,circulationandprocessingofthewastematerials1,thispaperhassummarizedthepresentdevelopmentofChinasrenewableresourcesindustryandanalyzedtheexistingproblemswithaviewonlayingafoundationfortheformulationofrelevantpolicies.sRenewableResourcesIndustryThepercapitapossessionofmajornaturalresourcesinChinaislowerthantheworldaverage,andthecontraechoiceforrealizingthesustainabledevelopmentofChineseeconomy."Repairandutilizeoldordiscardedthingsandletallthingsservetheirproperpurpose"isafinetraditionoftheChineseworkingpeople,animportantwaytoenhancetheefficientutilizationofresources,aswellasaculturalbaseforthedevelopmentoftherenewableresourcesindustry.1.DevelopmentofrenewableresourcesindustryisjustbeginningtotakeshapeIngeneral,over30yearsofreformandopeningup,withtheconstantimprovementofsocialistmarketeconomy,Chinasrenewableresourcesindustryhasgraduallyexpanded,regionaldistributionmarketshavebeguntotakeshapeandthetechnicalcompetencehasbeenincreased.ThewastereclamationsystemhasRepublicofChina,companiesatvariouslevelsforreclaimingvariouskindsofmaterials(includingretrievalofmetals)andcompaniesunderthesupplyandmarketingcooperativesforcollectingwastematerialsweresetupthroughoutthecountry,,withtheconstantimprovementofChinasmarketeconomy,thereclamationsystemsetupundertheplannedeconomyhasstartedtoshrinkowingtorepositionoftheredundantreclamationworkers,theworkersswitchtootherprofessionsorretirementoftheworkers;andinparticular,afterthecancellationofthematerialmanagementdepartments,thereclamationcompaniesunderthematerialmanagementdepartmentsandthesupplyandmarketingco,farmersenteringcitiesforemploymenthavebeenengagedingreatnumbersinthewastesreclamationsector,andtheprofit-orientedpublicwastesreclamationsystemaimedmainlyatenterprisesorin,000tonsofwastealuminum,400,000tonsofscrapcopperandalmost300,000tonsofleadscdafoundationforthedevelopmentofChina,withthewideningincomegapbetweenurbanandruralresidents,especiallytheupdatingofthedailynecessitiesoftheurbanresidents,someoftheproductsthatfallintodisusearelittleusedorevencompletelyunusedandcanbeutilizedagain,thusbringingaboutthecirculationofthesecondhandgoodsfrombigcitiestomedium-sizedandsmallcitiesandthentoruralareas,whichcanbefeltbytheexistenceofwastereclaiming,,assupplyofresourcesinChinahasbecometight,importofwastemat,insuchcoastalareasasGuangdong,Zhejiang,Jiangsu,ShanghaiandTianjin,importingandunravelingscrapmetalshasgraduallydevelopedintoanindustryonalargescale;provinceslikeShangdongandHebeiarealsoregsHunanProvince,therenewableresourcesindustryhasdevelopedintoasectorwithdistinctivecharacters.Thetechnicalcompofagreatmanysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,whicharemainlysmallworkshopsorinvolvedinmanualoperationswithrenewableresources,isonalowside,whereassomeenterprisesgrowinglargerandlargerhaveahighertechnicalcompetenceinprocessingandutilizingtherenewabler,jointlywithChineseandforeignscientificresearchinstitutes,theequipmentordevicessuitableforthetreatmentofChinaswastematsrenewableresourcesindustry.velopmentofrenewableresourcesindustryAccordingtorelevantstudies,duringtheTenthFive-yearPlanperiod,therenewableresourcesreclaimedinChinatotaledabout400milliontons,withtheaverageannualrecoveryreaching80milliontonsandtheaverageannualgrowthrateregisteringover12%.In2006,thereclaimedrenewableresourcesinChina,suchasscrapmetals,wasteplasticandwastepaper,,%Reclamationandimportofwast,ironandaluminumcannotberegenerated,thescrapiron,uppliesbutcanalsoreducethedamagestotheecosystemcausedbythedevelopmentofnaturalresourcesandcancutdownthepollutantemissions,soastoematerials,someplaceshavedevelopedintorelevantbasesfortheproductionofrawmaterials,suchasTaizhouofZhejiangProvince,TaicangofJiangsuProvince,QingyuanofGuangdongProvince,GuluoandYongxingofHunaetofsavingenergy,re,steelandaluminiumaswellaswasteplasticconsumeenergyinproductionandareenergy-carryingproducts;andtheycansaveenergy,,;and10,000tonsofwastepapercanbeusedtoproduce8,000tonsofpaperpulp,withathriftof30,000cubicmetersofwood,12,000tonsofstandardcoalequivalentand1millioncubicmetersofwaterandwithadischargeofmorethan900,,%;,%;,%(Seefollowingtablefordetails).澳门新濠线上开户ByLiZhinengWangJicheng,DRCTaskForceonLaborShortageinEnterprisesinSpring2012,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCOveraperiodoftimeaftertheSpringFestival(ChinasLunarNewYearwhichfallsonJanuary23,2012),manymassmediareportedthe"laborshortage"issueinsomelocalitiesandenterprises,whichdrewextensiveattentionofgovernmentaldepartmentsconcerned."Laborshortage"indicatestheovegdong,Zhejiang,Henan,Anhui,SichuanandShaanxiProvincestofindoutifthereisorwillreallybea"laborshortage",ReasonableandRelaxedwithaHighRateofReturntoJobs,WhichIsQuiteOppositetotheReported"LaborShortage"ZhejiangProvinceisstillfacingarecruitmentplightin2012,yetthetenselaboremploymenthasbeenalleviatedascomparedtothepreviousyear,andthelabor-starvedindustriesandtypesofworktallybasicallywiththeprovince,ahighrateofreturntojobshasbeenwitnessedamongwork,thesurveyof4,000smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinYiwucitysuggeststhatinrecentyearsanaverageof65%ofveteranworkershavereturnedtofactoriesinYiwuandthenumberofnewworkersintroducedbyveteranworkersonlabormarketmadeupanother25%,leavingarelativelyreasonable10%,,,%ofthehome-returneesbeforetheSpringFestival,andtheti,therateofreturntojobsapproached90%.AftertheSpringFestival,therecruitmentisaimedatstaffsupplement,withtherecruitmen,employingworkerscautiouslya,themonitoringdataonlaboremploymentbyenterprisesofHenanProvincedemonstratethatthelaborshortageratewas18%,icipalitiesrevealthattherateofworkersreturntojobsexceeded70%,"recruitmentplight"ocialSecurityDepartmentamong10,654enterprisesin30state-andprovince-leveleconomican%%skeyenterprisesofelectricalhomeappliancesandfastmovingconsumergoodssawtheirratesofworkersreturntojobsaftertheSpringFestivalallexceeding90%and"enormousstaffinflowsandoutflows",GuangdongandAnhuiasaResultofEconomicGrowthSlowingDownandExportDecliningThefactthattheglobalfinancialcrisisisstillfarfromcomingto,theinternalresources,environmentalconstraintsandstructuralreadjustmentfacingChinaseconomicdevelopmenthaveallmadethedownturnofChinasGDPaverageannualgrowthrateinevitableduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodandareproducingachallengeto,smallandurgentordersareinlargenumber,,fromJanuary26toFebruary12,2012,,%,(February6),theprovincesstatisticalandsurveydepartmentr,tyear,suggestingthattheutilizationan,thenumberofnewlyincomingmigrantworkershasaccountedforonly5%orsoofallmigrantworkersintheprovince,beinglowerthanthelevelof10%sspeciallaboremploymentinvestigationdemonstratesthat3,966enterprisesintheprovinceareshortof50laborersormoreandtheyintendtorecruit245,000people,signifyingareductionof13,%.Labordemandonthehumanresourcesmarketisdecreasingaswellfromayearearlierandtheprincipalcauseisthatthepressureof,TransferwithinProvincesIsGrowingFast,theNumberofWorkersReturningHometownsforBusinessStartupandBackflowofSkilledWorkersHaveIncreased,yetOnlySomeNewly-increasedWorkersCanBeLocallyProvidedwithJobsAtpresent,,,,000everyyearduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,whiletheprovincecanonlyprovide350,000jobs,an,Yulin,TongchuanandHabusinessstartupsintheirhometowns,entrepreneurshiptrainingandsuchpoliciesasgovernmentsupplyofsmallloansguarantees,thenumberofmigr,224,000farmershadgonebacktoShaanxitostartbusinessesandsetup98,000enterprises,providingjobsto595,,,,ysbeengrowingsince2001andthenumberincreasedto23millionin2011,,upby778,000,,down214,"NewAreasofSichuan",thekeyprojectsinChengduin2012wouldneed350,,,2millionpeopleincitiesandtownsoftheprovinceneedjobsandtherea,ononehand,thesituationofChinafacedwithapressureofitsaggregateemploymentvolumecontinuallyintensifyinghasbecomemoresevereandcomplicatedduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodand,ontheother,thelaborforcetransferandrivalryamongtheeastern,lusters,whilecentralandwesternregionstakeineasterncoastalregionwithinashortperiodoftimeintermsofrelativelyperfectinfrastructurefacilities,completeindustrialchains,betterlivinpacitiesincentralandwesternregionshasincreasedtheaggregatelabordemand,yetwhentakingovershiftedindustriesandenterprisesfromtheeasternregion,someprovincesandmunicipalitiesincentralabypresententerprisesandareunableatalltoabsorbtheworkingpopulationsqueezedoutfromtheeasternregioninaddressingthefinancialcrisisandexportdownturn.

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